Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies||SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. As such, the information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2022, or any other future annual or interim period. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts or balances to conform to the presentation adopted in the current year.
Principles of Consolidation
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts, the accounts of the Operating Company, and the accounts of the Operating Company's consolidated subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Restricted cash represents principally cash reserves that are maintained pursuant to the governing agreement of the Asset-Based Loan discussed in "Note 6 - Debt."
Reverse Stock Split
On August 4, 2022, we filed a Certificate of Amendment (the "Certificate of Amendment") to the A&R Charter with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, which effected a one-for-20 reverse stock split (the “Reverse Stock Split”) of our issued and outstanding shares of Class A common stock and Class B common stock (collectively, the "Common Stock") at 5:01 PM Eastern Time on August 9, 2022. As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, every 20 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding were converted into one share of Common Stock. We paid cash in lieu of fractional shares, and accordingly, no fractional shares were issued in connection with the Reverse Stock Split.
The Reverse Stock Split did not change the par value of the Common Stock or the authorized number of shares of Common Stock. All outstanding options, restricted stock awards, warrants and other securities entitling their holders to purchase or otherwise receive shares of our Common Stock have been adjusted as a result of the Reverse Stock Split, as required by the terms of each security. The number of shares available to be awarded under our Amended and Restated 2019 Equity Incentive Plan have also been appropriately adjusted. See "Note 10 — Compensation Plans" for more information.
All share and per share amounts in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for all periods presented to give effect to the Reverse Stock Split, including reclassifying an amount equal to the reduction in par value of Common Stock to additional paid-in capital.
Our principal sources of liquidity at September 30, 2022 consisted of cash on hand, future cash anticipated to be generated from operations, the June 2022 Offering described in Note 9, the October 2022 Offering described in Note 13, and our ATM Program, each as described below.
We have an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (the "Shelf Registration Statement") and may opportunistically conduct securities offerings from time to time in order to meet our liquidity needs. However, we may be unable to access the capital markets, including because of current market volatility and the performance of our stock price.
As described in further detail in "Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity," in August 2021, we established an "at-the-market" equity offering program (the "ATM Program") that provides for the sale of shares of our Class A common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $50 million, from time to time. Net proceeds from sales of our shares of Class A common stock under the ATM Program are expected to be used for working capital and general corporate purposes. Since the launch of the ATM program in August 2021 and through September 30, 2022, we sold 972,624 shares of our Class A common stock under the ATM Program, which generated gross proceeds of approximately $12.7 million and paid fees to the sales agent of approximately $0.4 million. In connection with the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Annual Report”) with the SEC on March 31, 2022, the ATM Program became subject to the offering limits set forth in General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3 ("Instruction I.B.6") because our public float was less than $75 million. For so long as our public float is less than $75 million, the aggregate market value of the shares of Class A common stock sold by us pursuant to Instruction I.B.6 during any twelve consecutive months may not exceed one-third of our public float.
Also as described in further detail in "Note 9 - Stockholders' Equity," on June 27, 2022, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with an accredited investor, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 585,000 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 495,000 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants”) and warrants to purchase up to 1,080,000 shares of our Class A common stock (the “June 2022 Standard Warrants” and, together with the June 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, the “June 2022 Warrants”), in a registered direct offering (the “June 2022 Offering”). The June 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $5.4 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $5.0 million.
Following the completion of the June 2022 Offering, we are unable to issue additional shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the ATM Program or otherwise use the Shelf Registration Statement for a period of time due to the restrictions under Instruction I.B.6 to Form S-3, which will limit our liquidity options in the capital markets.
As described in "Note 6 - Debt," in December 2021, we entered into a Secured Promissory Note (the "December 2021 Note") which was subsequently amended on June 30, 2022 (the “First Amendment”) and on July 14, 2022 (the "Second Amendment" and together with the December 2021 Note and the First Amendment, the "Bridge Loan"), with Aaron LoCascio, the Company’s former President and co-founder and a member of the Board, which provided for a loan of $8.0 million originally maturing on June 30, 2022. On July 14, 2022, we repaid $4.0 million of the aggregate principal amount due under the Bridge Loan, and on July 19, 2022, we repaid the remaining balance on the Bridge Loan in full. As a result, all obligations under the Bridge Loan have been satisfied.
On July 19, 2022, Warehouse Goods LLC ("Warehouse Goods"), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into a Membership Interest Purchase Agreement and supporting documents (collectively, the “Sale Agreement”), to sell the Company’s 50% stake in VIBES Holdings LLC for total consideration of $4.6 million in cash and on August 9, 2022, we entered into an asset-based loan agreement dated as of August 8, 2022 (the “Loan Agreement”), which makes available to the Company a term loan of up to $15.0 million.
On September 22, 2022 (the “Closing Date”), 1095 Broken Sound Pwky LLC (“1095 Broken Sound”), our wholly owned subsidiary, consummated the previously disclosed transactions contemplated by that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of August 16, 2022, by and between 1095 Broken Sound and ASC Capital LLC (the “HQ Purchaser”) whereby 1095 Broken Sound agreed to sell a certain parcel of real estate including the our headquarters building to the HQ Purchaser for total consideration of $9.6 million in cash (collectively, the “HQ Transaction”). On the Closing Date, the Company used the proceeds from the HQ Transaction to repay the remainder of the mortgage on the headquarters building in full. The remaining proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes. For more information on the HQ Transaction, see "Note 6 - Debt."
On October 13, 2022, we entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with a third-party vendor (the “Vendor”) for the repayment of approximately $1.8 million in liabilities (collectively, the “Remaining Liabilities”) due to the Vendor relating to previously purchased inventory. As previously disclosed and in connection with the our ongoing discussions with the Vendor, on July 18, 2022, we paid $1.0 million of the approximately $6.0 million balance due to the Vendor in cash and during the period of July 26, 2022 through July 31, 2022, returned approximately $1.1 million in inventory to the Vendor, which was accepted by the Vendor and was credited against the remaining outstanding balance owed by us to the Vendor. The Settlement Agreement provides for a payment plan pursuant to which the we have agreed to repay the Remaining Liabilities in weekly installments commencing on October 14, 2022. Pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement, the Remaining Liabilities will be repaid in full on December 9, 2022.
On October 24, 2022, Warehouse Goods sold 38,839 shares of common stock of High Tide Inc. ("High Tide") (Nasdaq: HITI) for total consideration of approximately $0.05 million.
On October 27, 2022, we entered into securities purchase agreements with certain investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell an aggregate of 6,955,555 shares of our Class A common stock, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 1,377,780 shares of our Class A common stock (the “October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants”) and warrants to purchase up to 16,666,670 shares of our Class A common stock (the “October 2022 Standard Warrants” and, together with the October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrants, the “October 2022 Warrants”), in a public offering (the “October 2022 Offering”). The shares of Class A common stock and October 2022 Warrants were sold in Units (the “October 2022 Units”), with each unit consisting of one share of Class A common stock or a October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant and two October 2022 Standard Warrants to purchase one share of our Class A common stock. The October 2022 Units were offered pursuant to our registration statement on Form S-1, which was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 27, 2022 (the "S-1 Registration Statement"). The October 2022 Standard Warrants are exercisable immediately at an exercise price equal to $0.90 per share of Class A common stock for a period of seven years. Each October 2022 Pre-Funded Warrant is exercisable immediately with no expiration date for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $0.0001. The October 2022 Offering generated gross proceeds of approximately $7.5 million and net proceeds to the Company of approximately $6.8 million. For more information regarding the October 2022 Offering, please see "Note 13 - Subsequent Events."
On November 3, 2022, Merger Sub Gotham 2, LLC ("Merger Sub Gotham"), our wholly owned subsidiary, sold its interest in XS Financial Inc. ("XS Financial") to certain purchasers for total consideration of approximately $0.65 million, minus certain fees. On the same day, we also entered into that certain Lease Termination Agreement, dated as of October 31, 2022 solely for reference purposes (the "Lease Termination Agreement"), by and between us and Warland Investments Company (the "Landlord"), which provided for the termination of our lease at 6261 Katella Avenue in Cypress, California (collectively, the "Lease Termination"). Pursuant to the terms of the Lease Termination Agreement, we agreed to pay a fee of approximately $0.46 million as an early termination fee in consideration for the Landlord agreeing to terminate all of our remaining obligations under the Cypress lease. We expect the Lease Termination to result in approximately $1.7 million in savings, although we can provide no assurances as to the total amount of savings ultimately realized from the Lease Termination.
We believe that our cash on hand will be sufficient to fund our working capital and capital expenditure requirements, as well as our debt repayments and other liquidity requirements associated with our existing operations, for at least the next 12 months.
Use of Estimates
Conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts in our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates form the basis for judgments we make about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities, which are not readily apparent from other sources. We base our estimates and judgments on historical information and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments in several areas. Such areas include, but are not limited to: the collectability of accounts receivable; the allowance for slow-moving or obsolete inventory; the realizability of deferred tax assets; the fair value of goodwill; the fair value of contingent consideration arrangements; the useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment; the calculation of our VAT taxes receivable and VAT taxes, fines, and penalties payable; our loss contingencies, including our TRA liability; and the valuation and assumptions underlying equity-based compensation. These estimates are based on management's knowledge about current events and expectations about actions we may undertake in the future. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") a global pandemic. We expect uncertainties around our key accounting estimates to continue to evolve depending on the duration and degree of impact associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, including the possible resurgence of new strains. Our estimates may change as new
events occur and additional information emerges, and such changes are recognized or disclosed in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Valuation of Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
We allocate the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill to reporting units based on the expected benefit from the business combination. Such valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions. During the measurement period, which is not to exceed one year from the acquisition date, we may record adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to earnings.
We evaluate goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually during the fourth quarter of each year and at interim dates if indicators of impairment exist. Goodwill is assessed for impairment at the reporting unit level.
Due to declines in the Company's stock price as well as changes to our estimates and assumptions of the expected future cash flows of our Consumer Goods and Industrial Goods reporting units, management concluded that a triggering event occurred in the third quarter of 2022, requiring a quantitative impairment test of our goodwill for both of our reporting units. Based on this assessment, we concluded that the fair value of each of our two reporting units was below their respective carrying value. Furthermore, we recorded an impairment charge related to our indefinite-lived intangible assets. The following table presents impairment charges to goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles recognized during the three months ended September 30, 2022 based on the analysis described:
Voluntary Change in Accounting Principle
During the first quarter of 2022, we made a voluntary change in accounting principle to classify outbound shipping and handling costs associated with the distribution of products to our customers as a component of "general and administrative" costs within our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. These costs were previously recorded as a component of "cost of sales" within our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. We made the voluntary change in accounting principle because we believe the classification of outbound shipping and handling costs within "general and administrative" costs better reflects the selling effort and enhances the comparability of our financial statements with many of our industry peers. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, the change has been reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss through retrospective application as follows:
We manage our global business operations through our operating and reportable business segments. Due to our recent merger with KushCo, we reassessed and updated our operating segments. Therefore, beginning with the fourth quarter of 2021, we determined we had following two reportable operating business segments: (1) Industrial Goods, which largely comprises KushCo's legacy operations across the United States and Canada, and (2) Consumer Goods, which largely comprises Greenlane's legacy operations across the United States, Canada, and Europe. Our reportable segments have been identified based on how our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), manages our business, makes resource allocation and operating
decisions, and evaluates operating performance. Our CODM is our Chief Executive Officer ("CEO"). These changes in operating segments align with how we manage our business beginning with the fourth quarter of 2021. Segment disclosures within this Form 10-Q have been retrospectively restated to reflect the change in segments. See “Note 12—Segment Reporting.”
Revenue under bill-and-hold arrangements was $0 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, and $0.2 million and $0.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Storage fees charged to customers for bill-and-hold arrangements are recognized as invoiced. Such fees were not significant for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
Our liability for returns, which is included within "Accrued expenses and other current liabilities" in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, was approximately $0.6 million and $1.0 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The recoverable cost of merchandise estimated to be returned by customers, which is included within "Other current assets" in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, was approximately $0.2 million as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, one customer represented approximately 24% and 20% of our net sales. No single customer represented more than 6% of our net sales for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2022, two customers represented approximately 21%, and 10% of accounts receivable, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, two customers represented approximately 13% and 11% of accounts receivable, respectively.
Value Added Taxes
During the third quarter of 2020, as part of a global tax strategy review, we determined that our European subsidiaries based in the Netherlands, which we acquired on September 30, 2019, had historically collected and remitted value added tax ("VAT") payments, which related to direct-to-consumer sales to other European Union ("EU") member states, directly to the Dutch tax authorities. In connection with our subsidiaries' payment of VAT to Dutch tax authorities rather than other EU member states, we may become subject to civil or criminal enforcement actions in certain EU jurisdictions, which could result in penalties.
We performed an analysis of the VAT overpayments to the Dutch tax authorities, which we expected to be refunded to us, and VAT payable to other EU member states, including potential fines and penalties. Based on this analysis, we recorded VAT payable of approximately $0.4 million and $2.5 million relating to this matter within "Accrued expenses and other current liabilities" in our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Pursuant to the purchase and sale agreement by which we acquired our European subsidiaries, the sellers are required to indemnify us against certain specified matters and losses, including any and all liabilities, claims, penalties and costs incurred or sustained by us in connection with non-compliance with tax laws in relation to activities of the sellers. The indemnity (or indemnification receivable) is limited to an amount equal to the purchase price under the purchase and sale agreement. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, we recognized a gain of approximately $0.2 million and $2.0 million, respectively, within "general and administrative expenses" in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, which represented the partial reversal of a charge previously recognized based on the difference between the VAT payable and the VAT receivable and indemnification asset, as the indemnification asset became probable of recovery based on the reduction in our previously estimated VAT liability for penalties and interest based on our voluntary disclosure to, and ongoing settlement with, the relevant tax authorities in the EU member states.
Management intends to pursue recovery of all additional losses from the sellers to the full extent of the indemnification provisions of the purchase and sale agreement, however, the collectability of such additional indemnification amounts may be subject to litigation and may be affected by the credit risk of indemnifying parties, and are therefore subject to significant uncertainties as to the amount and timing of recovery.
As noted above, we have voluntarily disclosed VAT owed to several relevant tax authorities in the EU member states, and believe in doing so we will reduce our liability for penalties and interest. Nonetheless, we may incur expenses in future periods related to such matters, including litigation costs and other expenses to defend our position. The outcome of such matters is inherently unpredictable and subject to significant uncertainties. Refer to "Note 7—Commitments and Contingencies" for additional discussion regarding our contingencies.
Recently Issued Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. The standard requires the use of an “expected loss” model on certain types of financial instruments. The standard also amends the impairment model for available-for-sale securities and requires estimated credit losses to be recorded as allowances rather than as reductions to the amortized cost of the securities. This standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after
December 15, 2022 for filers that are eligible to be smaller reporting companies under the SEC's definition. Early adoption is permitted. We do not believe the adoption of this new guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which requires that an acquirer recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Topic 606, as if it had originated the contracts. Prior to this ASU, an acquirer generally recognizes contract assets acquired and contract liabilities assumed that arose from contracts with customers at fair value on the acquisition date. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The ASU is to be applied prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after the effective date of the amendment (or if adopted early as of an interim period, as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes the interim period of early application). We are still assessing this standard’s impact on our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef